Janos szabo dating sites

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"Budapest" is the combination of the city names Buda and Pest , which were (together with Óbuda ) united into a single city in 1873. [45] One of the first documented occurrences of the combined name "Buda-Pest" was in 1831 in the book "Világ" ("World" / "Light"), written by Count István Széchenyi . [46]

The origins of the names Buda and Pest are obscure. According to chronicles from the Middle Ages , the name Buda comes from the name of its founder, Bleda (Buda), brother of the Hunnic ruler Attila . The theory that "Buda" was named after a person is also supported by modern scholars. [47] An alternative explanation suggests that Buda derives from the Slavic word вода, voda ("water"), a translation of the Latin name Aquincum , which was the main Roman settlement in the region. [48]

There are also several theories about the origin of the name Pest . One of the theories [49] states that the word "Pest" comes from the Roman times , since there was a fortress (" Contra-Aquincum ") in this region that was referred to as "Pession" ("Πέσσιον", iii.7.§ 2) by Ptolemaios . [50] According to another theory, Pest originates from the Slavic word for cave ( пещера , peștera ), or oven ( пещ , peșt ), in reference either to a cave where fires burned or to a local limekiln. [51]

The first settlement on the territory of Budapest was built by Celts [17] before 1 AD. It was later occupied by the Romans . The Roman settlement – Aquincum – became the main city of Pannonia Inferior in 106 AD. [17] At first it was a military settlement, and gradually the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest. [52] The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters , baths and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. [53] The Roman city of Aquincum is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary . The archaeological site was turned into a museum with inside and open-air sections. [54]

The cultural role of Buda was particularly significant during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus . The Italian Renaissance had a great influence on the city. His library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana , was Europe's greatest collection of historical chronicles and philosophic and scientific works in the 15th century, and second only in size to the Vatican Library . [13] After the foundation of the first Hungarian university in Pécs in 1367 ( University of Pécs ), the second one was established in Óbuda in 1395 ( University of Óbuda ). [57] The first Hungarian book was printed in Buda in 1473. [58] Buda had about 5,000 inhabitants around 1500. [59]

The Ottomans conquered Buda in 1526, as well in 1529, and finally occupied it in 1541. [60] The Turkish Rule lasted for more than 140 years. [13] The Turks Ottomans constructed many prominent bathing facilities within the city. [19] Some of the baths that the Turks erected during their rule are still in use 500 years later ( Rudas Baths and Király Baths ). By 1547 the number of Christians was down to about a thousand, and by 1647 it had fallen to only about seventy. [59] The unoccupied western part of the country became part of the Habsburg Empire as Royal Hungary .

In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda , a renewed campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital. This time, the Holy League 's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German , Croat , Dutch , Hungarian, English , Spanish , Czech , Italian , French , Burgundian , Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artillerymen , and officers. The Christian forces plundered Buda, and in the next few years, all of the former Hungarian lands, except areas near Timișoara (Temesvár), were taken from the Turks. In the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz , these territorial changes were officially recognized to show the end of the rule of the Turks, and in 1718 the entire Kingdom of Hungary was removed from Ottoman rule.

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