Reino germanico yahoo dating

reino germanico yahoo dating

Eduardo I de Avis o Duarte I de Avis (Viseu, 31 de octubre de 1391 - Tomar, 13 de septiembre de 1438) fue el undécimo monarca portugués, segundo de la Dinastía de Avis. Hijo del rey Juan I el de Buena Memoria y de Felipa de Lancaster (hija de Juan de Gante, duque de Lancaster, hijo a su vez de Eduardo III de Inglaterra), heredó el trono en el año 1433.

La colonia de Ceuta se convirtió rápidamente en un problema para el tesoro portugués y se consideró que sin el control de Tánger la posesión de Ceuta no tenía ningún sentido. Poco después de que los portugueses tomaran posesión de Ceuta, las caravanas de camellos empezaron a utilizar la ciudad de Tánger como punto de destino. Esto hizo que Ceuta se quedara sin los bienes y materiales que la convertían en un mercado atrativo y convirtió la ciudad en una comunidad aislada.

En 1437, los hermanos del rey, Enrique y Fernando, persuadieron a Eduardo para que lanzara un ataque en Marruecos para conseguir una base mejor con vistas a las futuras expediciones africanas. La expedición no contó con un apoyo unánime ya que algunos nobles se mostraron en contra. El ataque a Tánger fue un éxito pero costó un gran número de bajas entre los soldados portugueses. El hermano menor de Eduardo, Fernando, fue hecho prisionero y murió poco después en la prisión de Fez. Eduardo murió poco después, víctima de la peste negra que ya había matado a su padre y a su madre.

Otro aspecto menos político de la personalidad de Eduardo fue su pasión por la cultura. Escribió un tratado conocido como O Leal Conselheiro (El consejero leal) así como otros libro sobre caza y diversos poemas. En el momento de su muerte estaba revisando la legislación portuguesa.

Duarte I, King of Portugal KG (Viseu, October 31 1391 - Tomar, September 13 1438) (pron. IPA [du'a?t(?)]; the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal and the Algarve and second Lord of Ceuta. He was the son of King João I of Portugal (John I of Portugal) and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt.

The colony at Ceuta rapidly became a drain on the Portuguese treasury and it was realised that without the city of Tangier, possession of Ceuta was worthless. When Ceuta was lost to the Portuguese, the camel caravans that were part of the overland trade routes began to use Tangier as their new destination. This deprived Ceuta of the materials and goods that made it an attractive market and a vibrant trading locale, and it became an isolated community.

In 1437, his brothers, Henry (Henrique) and Fernando, persuaded Duarte to launch an attack on Morocco in order to get a better African base for future Atlantic exploration. The expedition was not unanimously supported: Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra and Infante João were both against the initiative; they preferred to avoid conflict with the king of Morocco. They proved to be right. The resulting attack on Tangier was successful, but at a great cost of men. Duarte's youngest brother, Fernando, the Saint Prince was captured, kept as a hostage, and he died later in captivity in Fez. Duarte died soon after the Tangier attack of the plague, like his father and mother (and her mother) before him.

Charles V ( Spanish : Carlos ; French : Charles ; German : Karl ; Dutch : Karel ; Italian : Carlo ) [a] (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506. He voluntarily stepped down from these and other positions by a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556. Through inheritance, he brought together under his rule extensive territories in western, central, and southern Europe, and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As a result, his domains spanned nearly four million square kilometers [3] and were the first to be described as " the empire on which the sun never sets ". [4]

While Charles did not typically concern himself with rebellions, he was quick to put down three particularly dangerous rebellions in the vital territories of Castile , the Frisian lands , and later in his reign in the port city of Ghent . Once the rebellions were quelled the essential Castilian and Burgundian territories remained mostly loyal to Charles throughout his rule.

Charles’s Spanish dominions were the chief source of his power and wealth, and they became increasingly important as his reign progressed. In the Americas, Charles sanctioned the conquest by Castillian conquistadors of the Aztec and Inca empires. Castillian control was extended across much of South and Central America. The resulting vast expansion of territory and the flows of South American silver to Castile had profound long term effects on Spain.

Charles was only 56 when he abdicated, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery, where he died at the age of 58. Upon Charles’s abdications, the Holy Roman Empire was inherited by his younger brother Ferdinand , who had already been given the Austrian lands in 1521. The Spanish Empire, including the possessions in the Netherlands and Italy, was inherited by Charles’s son Philip II . The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century.

Until the 1540s, Charles did not spend much time in Germany (apart from the Netherlands). He frequently was in Northern Italy (then part of the Holy Roman Empire). He never actually governed his Austrian dominions and made his brother Ferdinand the ruler of these lands in 1521, as well as his representative in the Holy Roman Empire during his absence. In spite of this, the Emperor had a close relationship with some German families, like the House of Nassau , many of which were represented at his court in Brussels. Some German princes or noblemen accompanied him in his military campaigns against France or the Ottomans, and the bulk of his army was generally composed of German troops, especially the Imperial Landsknechte . [12]

Indeed, in 1519, he was elected because he was considered a German prince while his main opponent was French. Nonetheless, in the long term, the growth of Lutheranism and Charles' staunch Catholicism alienated him from various German princes who finally fought against him in the 1540s and the 1550s. It is important to note, though, that other states of the Empire chose to support him in his war, and that he had the constant support of his brother, in spite of their strained personal relationship. [13] Whereas Charles spent much of his final years as a ruler trying to address the issue of religion in the Empire, it would ultimately be Ferdinand, by then much more popular in Germany, who would bring peace to the German lands.

From 1515 to 1523, Charles's government in the Netherlands also had to contend with the rebellion of Frisian peasants (led by Pier Gerlofs Donia and Wijard Jelckama ). The rebels were initially successful but after a series of defeats, the remaining leaders were captured and decapitated in 1523.

¡Uno de los bestsellers en Colonia! El Haus am Rhein Köln es una casa adosada situada a orillas del río Rin, en el distrito Ensen, Colonia. Los huéspedes podrán disfrutar de la terraza. Hay WiFi gratuita en todas las instalaciones.

El baño incluye ducha, bañera y aseo separado. El Haus am Rhein Köln dispone de lavadora y de secadora de ropa. Hay TV LED de pantalla plana, reproductor de Blu-ray y equipo de sonido. Entre otras instalaciones del Haus am Rhein Köln se incluye solárium.

El Haus am Rhein Köln está a solo 400 metros de la estación de tranvías Kloster, línea 7, a 8 km del centro de Colonia y a 3 km de Theater am Dom. El establecimiento también está entre los recintos feriales, situados a 11 km, y a 6 km del aeropuerto de Colonia-Bonn.

Las condiciones de cancelación y de pago por adelantado pueden variar según el tipo de habitación. Introduce las fechas de tu estancia y consulta las condiciones de la habitación seleccionada.

Informa al Haus am Rhein Köln con antelación de tu hora prevista de llegada. Para ello, puedes utilizar el apartado de peticiones especiales al hacer la reserva o ponerte en contacto directamente con el alojamiento. Los datos de contacto aparecen en la confirmación de la reserva.

Solo los clientes que han reservado a través de Booking.com y se han alojado pueden escribir un comentario sobre ese alojamiento. De este modo sabemos que los comentarios son de clientes reales, como tú. ¿Quién mejor para hablarnos sobre el desayuno gratuito, la amabilidad del personal y la tranquilidad de la habitación que quien se ha alojado allí?

Creemos que los comentarios de nuestros clientes y las respuestas de los alojamientos a esos comentarios proporcionarán una gran variedad de opiniones y experiencias, fundamentales para ayudar a otros viajeros a tomar una decisión informada sobre dónde alojarse.

Em 392, o cristianismo foi proclamado religião oficial. Entre 965 e 1008 eram batizados os reis da Dinamarca, Polônia, Hungria, Rússia, Noruega e Suécia.

Desses dois fatos resultou o formato do casamento, em princípios do ano 1000, com uma face totalmente nova. Durante o Sacro Império Romano Germânico - que sucedeu ao desaparecido Império Romano -, dirigido por Oto III de 998 a 1002, houve uma fabulosa transformação das sociedades urbanas romanas e das sociedades rurais germânicas e eslavas. As uniões entre homens e mulheres eram, então, o resultado complexo de renitências pagãs, de interesses políticos e de uma poderosa evangelização.

Esse quadro deve ter sido abrandado pelo fato de eles terem estado em contato com países cristãos, ou povos de regiões mergulhadas no cristianismo, como por exemplo os normandos batizados do século X. Em decorrência, duas estruturas coexistiam, mais ou menos confundidas. Por volta do ano 1000, o bispo da Islândia teve muita dificuldade para separar um chefe de tribo, já casado, de sua concubina, especialmente porque ela era sua própria irmã - fato que sustentava a opinião de que seu irmão, o bispo, não passava de um tirano. Nos séculos X e XI, os duques da Normandia tinham dois tipos de união, regularmente: uma esposa oficial, franca e batizada, e uma ou várias concubinas.

Guilherme, o Conquistador, que tomou a Inglaterra em 1066, tinha o codinome de bastardo, por ter nascido de uma união desse tipo. À entrada de Falésia, seu pai, Roberto, o Demônio, teve a atenção chamada por uma jovem que, no lavadouro da cidade, calcava a roupa com os pés, nua como suas companheiras de tarefa, para melhor sovar a roupa. Naquela mesma noite, com a autorização de seu pai, Arlette, a jovem, se viu no quarto do duque, usando uma camisola aberta na frente, "a fim de que", nos diz o monge Wace, que contou a história, "aquilo que varre o chão não possa estar à altura do rosto de seu príncipe". Esses amores "à dinamarquesa" demonstram que as mulheres eram livres, com a condição de aceitar uma posição secundária.

Aos olhos de inúmeros escritores eclesiásticos, como o bispo Ratherius de Verona, a libido feminina era perigosa e devia ser reprimida severamente. O fato de que velhos países como a Espanha, a Itália e o reino dos Francos, embora cristãos havia já cinco séculos, não tivessem ainda integrado a doutrina do casamento - a ponto, por exemplo, de o rei Hugo ter tido duas esposas oficiais e três concubinas - prova o quanto essa doutrina estava na contramão de seu tempo. E contudo ela fora claramente afirmada e repetida desde que Ambrósio declarara em 390 que "o consentimento faz as bodas". A isso, o Concílio de Ver acrescentara, em 755: "Que todas as bodas sejam públicas" e "Uma única lei para os homens e mulheres".

A união carnal, conseqüência do consentimento entre um homem e uma mulher (e não várias), é o espaço de santificação dos esposos. O ideal de monogamia, de fidelidade e de indissolubilidade tornou-se tanto mais possível porque no final do século X desapareceu a escravidão de tipo antigo, nos países mediterrâneos. Um novo espaço se abria para o casamento cristão, graças ao surgimento do concubinato com as escravas, que não tinham nenhuma liberdade. Essa foi também a época em que as determinações dos concílios tornaram obrigatória a validade do casamento dos não libertos.

Mas um outro combate chegava a seu ponto culminante no ano 1000: a proibição do incesto. Iniciada a partir do século VI e quase bem-sucedida na Itália, na Espanha e na França, essa interdição enfrentou contudo forte oposição na Germânia, na Boêmia e na Polônia. Proibidos em princípio até o quarto grau entre primos irmãos, os casamentos de consangüinidade e de afinidade foram punidos, e os culpados separados. Mais tarde, a partir de Gregório II (715-735), a proibição foi estendida ao sétimo grau (sobrinhos à moda da Bretanha), assim como aos parentes espirituais (padrinho e madrinha): não haveria mais aliança a não ser com estranhos, com quem fosse outro (Deus ou o próximo de sexo diferente), mas de modo algum com aquele ou aquela com quem já existisse um tipo de ligação.



Anglo-German Naval Agreement - Wikipedia

Charles V ( Spanish : Carlos ; French : Charles ; German : Karl ; Dutch : Karel ; Italian : Carlo ) [a] (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506. He voluntarily stepped down from these and other positions by a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556. Through inheritance, he brought together under his rule extensive territories in western, central, and southern Europe, and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As a result, his domains spanned nearly four million square kilometers [3] and were the first to be described as " the empire on which the sun never sets ". [4]

While Charles did not typically concern himself with rebellions, he was quick to put down three particularly dangerous rebellions in the vital territories of Castile , the Frisian lands , and later in his reign in the port city of Ghent . Once the rebellions were quelled the essential Castilian and Burgundian territories remained mostly loyal to Charles throughout his rule.

Charles’s Spanish dominions were the chief source of his power and wealth, and they became increasingly important as his reign progressed. In the Americas, Charles sanctioned the conquest by Castillian conquistadors of the Aztec and Inca empires. Castillian control was extended across much of South and Central America. The resulting vast expansion of territory and the flows of South American silver to Castile had profound long term effects on Spain.

Charles was only 56 when he abdicated, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery, where he died at the age of 58. Upon Charles’s abdications, the Holy Roman Empire was inherited by his younger brother Ferdinand , who had already been given the Austrian lands in 1521. The Spanish Empire, including the possessions in the Netherlands and Italy, was inherited by Charles’s son Philip II . The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century.

Until the 1540s, Charles did not spend much time in Germany (apart from the Netherlands). He frequently was in Northern Italy (then part of the Holy Roman Empire). He never actually governed his Austrian dominions and made his brother Ferdinand the ruler of these lands in 1521, as well as his representative in the Holy Roman Empire during his absence. In spite of this, the Emperor had a close relationship with some German families, like the House of Nassau , many of which were represented at his court in Brussels. Some German princes or noblemen accompanied him in his military campaigns against France or the Ottomans, and the bulk of his army was generally composed of German troops, especially the Imperial Landsknechte . [12]

Indeed, in 1519, he was elected because he was considered a German prince while his main opponent was French. Nonetheless, in the long term, the growth of Lutheranism and Charles' staunch Catholicism alienated him from various German princes who finally fought against him in the 1540s and the 1550s. It is important to note, though, that other states of the Empire chose to support him in his war, and that he had the constant support of his brother, in spite of their strained personal relationship. [13] Whereas Charles spent much of his final years as a ruler trying to address the issue of religion in the Empire, it would ultimately be Ferdinand, by then much more popular in Germany, who would bring peace to the German lands.

From 1515 to 1523, Charles's government in the Netherlands also had to contend with the rebellion of Frisian peasants (led by Pier Gerlofs Donia and Wijard Jelckama ). The rebels were initially successful but after a series of defeats, the remaining leaders were captured and decapitated in 1523.